Applications / MOSH/MOAH / Regulatory


Protect food against mineral oil migration from recycled paperboard.

Current regluations and proposals

JECFA (the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)

ADI (average daily intake) of mineral oils (MOSH, molecular weight <480): <0.01 mg/kg body weight.


On 25 July 2014, the 3rd draft of the German Mineral Oil Ordinance of the BMELV & BfR stated:
(BMELV: Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz)
(BfR: bundesinstitut für  Risikobewertung)

Recycled cardboard can be used if it contains:

≤ 24 mg MOSH / 1 kg paper or cardboard 
≤ 6 mg MOAH / 1 kg paper or cardboard

Otherwise, prohibit migration of mineral oil into food, for example by the incorporation of a functional barrier:

≤ 2 mg MOSH (C20-C35)/ 1 kg food
≤ 0.5 mg MOAH (C16-C35)/ 1 kg food


EFSA (European Food Safety Authority)

In June 2012 the EFSA stated that "exposure to MOH via packaging in some foods may pose a human health hazard", and called for an overhaul of ADI levels and several new measures to asses and monitor the risk from the substances.

"A significant source of dietary exposure to MOH may be contamination of food byt he use of recycled paperboard as packaging material. It can be effectively prevented by the inclusion of functional barriers into the packaging assembly."